War of the Nile between Egypt and Ethiopia

“War of the Nile between Egypt and Ethiopia A dam threatens ‘sea of ​​the Pharaohs'”

The Nile

It was March 31, 2011 when Pietro Salini, CEO of the family group specialized in large works, announced triumphantly, “the signing of the most important contract ever signed by an Italian company abroad, worth 3.35 billion euro, for the construction of the largest dam on the African continent, on the Blue Nile in Ethiopia. ” The date is not secondary to Egypt Mubarak had fallen to less than two months, the country euphoric or in shock, the generals of regents was done and the bites to come. That announcement and the start of work had passed, understandably, on the second floor. And just as understandably, given the enormous difficulties that the dictator of Cairo is now meeting at every level, and since the Great Renaissance Dam has already accomplished for the 21%, are now of primary importance for Mohammad Morsi and the Muslim Brotherhood to power in Egypt for a year, for the entire region.

“If our country is the gift of the Nile then the Nile is a gift to our country,” he thundered the successor to Mubarak days ago, citing the words of Herodotus. “If your water will drop a drop, the alternative will be our blood,” he added saying he was ready to “every option to prevent it.” Statements that have given way to a thousand debates and analysis on the assumption of a “war of the Nile” between Cairo and Addis Ababa (considered improbable if not impossible by all), along with a complex and difficult diplomatic marathon, with many closures mutual . Never mind that the aggressive phrases Morsi have not reached the goal hoped to divert the protests against his government toward the external enemy: the Nile, which the Egyptians is more than enough to call it a river bahr (sea), is not only a symbol of national identity. And ‘the source of 97% of the water resources of a country with over 80 million inhabitants, already overwhelmed by a terrible economic crisis. A significant drop of those resources would be really dramatic.

But it seems that not much can be done Bites: the treaty that gave Egypt ‘historical and natural rights “on the great river dates back to 1929, signed by Cairo with British colonialists. That of 1959 with Sudan, which came to an agreement always very favorable to Egypt at the time of the Aswan Dam, is only bilaterally. Eight other countries, to which was then added South Sudan, are part of the Nile basin, all upstream of the giant Egyptian. Nations so far underdeveloped and politically weak that now, with the crisis of the Arab States of the North and the emergence of those further south, raise their voices. Nations for more than 14 years old are negotiating, with the World Bank, a Framework Agreement on the waters of the longest river on the planet.

The basic concept is expressed and shared by the Ethiopian Prime Minister, Hailemariam Desalegn: “The Egyptians want to be the only masters of the Nile and it is absurd. We must work together to find a solution, the water can be enough for everyone. ” In Ethiopia, he added, “gushes the 86% of the Nile and make that dam is our right. Do not break any treaty because we have not ever signed, so far there have always ruled out. ” Words that emphasize the closing decades of neglect and by Egypt under Mubarak accentuatisi towards African states which now have to be paid. Not by chance among the most outspoken supporters of Addis Ababa is now South Sudan, whose birth in 2011 was opposed mainly by former Egyptian dictator. “Ethiopia has every right to use the Nile waters for energy and irrigation,” said the government in Juba, who yesterday signed the Framework Agreement already signed by Ethiopia, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda , Kenya and Burundi. A compact block and become powerful against the weak Egypt which certainly can not launch wars or find international solidarity and his Foreign Minister, in fact, has finally agreed to meet with fellow Ethiopian “to find a solution.” After an initial contact, the two are updated in a few weeks. Meanwhile, debates, analysis, threats and attempts more or less public mediation will continue. But times have changed, and the Cairo eventually something will be forced to give way.

“Luxor,” the governor-terrorist “yields to protests”

Adel Khayyat, Islamic terrorist, governor of Luxor

We are, most likely, to dress rehearsals of the Great Protest in Egypt waiting for June 30, the first anniversary of the victory of the Muslim Brother-dictator Mohammad Morsi. A dramatic year for politics and the economy, which was already convinced 15 million Egyptians to sign a petition calling for the resignation of Mubarak’s successor. Hard to say if the figure provided by the youth of Tamarrod (rebellion), promoters of the initiative, it is real. If the polls that give Bites 28% popularity (from 57% to his election) are reliable. And even more to predict how many of those signatories manifest in ten days in front of the presidential palace in Cairo and throughout the country, as well as what will be the effect of this “rebellion”. It is certain that for a week the climate in Egypt is back glowing, with dozens injured in clashes with security forces in various parts of the country.

E ‘in Luxor that the protests were concentrated, after the appointment of a provincial governor chose between the (ex?) Islamic extremists. Just in the Egyptian city most favored by tourists in the world was in fact appointed Adel Khayyat of the political wing of the Gama’a Islamiya, the group that in 1997, killed in the temple of Hatshepsut in Luxor 57 foreign tourists. Khayyat denied “any involvement with the attack ‘, and declared that” the Gama’a now rejects all violence’, but not to the Minister of Tourism Hisham Zazou his appointment seemed acceptable. And in fact, has resigned. Similar cases of Islamic rulers have provoked demonstrations in other provinces, from Damietta in Beni Suef, in the oasis in the desert.

Yet another misstep Bites is actually a desperate attempt to keep the support of Islamic extremists. Lost the support of the urban classes and liberals who had voted to elect a dictator rather linked to the former regime, the president-Brother is staking everything on the religious. Goes in this direction are the recent break of diplomatic relations with the ‘Shia’ Damascus: Egypt is in fact Sunni and many are off from here to the jihad anti-Assad. And here in this logic are the charges to be “Christians enemies of Islam” recently launched by the government’s figures to those who took to the streets.

Accusations and initiatives to which the religious establishment but also opposite: the highest Sunni authority, the Grand Imam of Al-Azhar Ahmed Al Tayeb has declared publicly that “oppose peacefully against the legitimate leader is acceptable from the point of view of religion.”

For more information on the situation in Egypt and the Nile geerale, please read the analysis of Zvi Mazel clicking the links below



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